Yes, you can freeze chicken, but it is safest to use not more than 2 weeks of the highest quality of chicken for this technique. Freezing causes a change in texture and pigment in some frozen food products. If the product is cooked before freezing, the shrinkage of the meat will be slowed and can result in a dry and tough texture. With that said, if you do decide to freeze the chicken, make sure it is tightly wrapped with freezer paper or foil.
Table of Contents
- Second Answer
- How long can you freeze raw chicken?
- Can you freeze chicken in the package?
- Is it bad to freeze chicken?
- Is it better to freeze raw or cooked chicken?
- How do I prepare chicken breast for freezing?
- How do you freeze raw chicken?
- Should I wash chicken before freezing?
- Can you freeze chicken in Ziploc bags?
- Is raw chicken OK in the fridge for 5 days?
- How do you freeze and defrost chicken?
- Is raw chicken good in the fridge for 3 days?
- Can you thaw chicken and put it back in the fridge?
- Can you freeze sliced chicken?
- Can you freeze boiled chicken breast?
- How do you freeze chicken without it sticking together?
- How do you store chicken in the freezer without plastic?
- Is it safe to eat cooked chicken after 7 days?
- How long can frozen chicken stay in the fridge?
- Do you need to wash meat from supermarket?
- Why do people wash chicken?
- Should you wash chicken with vinegar?
- How do you freeze chicken breast without plastic?
- How do you freeze shredded chicken?
- Can I freeze chicken in a Tupperware?
- Can I cook chicken after 3 days in fridge?
- How do you know if chicken is gone bad?
- Why is my chicken slimy after cooking?
- Why is it bad to thaw and refreeze meat?
- How long should you defrost chicken breast?
- Is it OK to defrost chicken on the counter?
- Does cooking chicken extend use by date?
- Can I leave chicken uncovered in the fridge?
- Can I cook meat that’s been in the fridge for a week?
- How can I defrost chicken quickly?
- Can you freeze cold cut meats?
- Can you freeze milk?
- Can you freeze deli meats?
- Is 2 year old frozen chicken still good?
- Can I reheat frozen cooked chicken?
- How do you freeze meat without freezer burn?
This response is both yes and no, it all depends on the type of chicken that you are preparing. Fresh chicken can be frozen for up to 6 months, but you will need to freeze it in order to get the best results. Raw chicken can stay fresh for 2 days in a refrigerator before it needs to be cooked. If you do not have enough time to cook it within this timeframe, then freezing is an option.
Check out Can I Freeze Cooked Squash?
How long can you freeze raw chicken?
In order to have a clear answer on how long you can freeze raw chicken, it is important to first understand the difference between bacteria and viruses. While both live inside cells, bacteria thrive off a fairly small environment, meaning if a good amount of freezer space is given over to the food being frozen, the number of bacteria will be dramatically reduced. Additionally, freezing food can kill all harmful microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses.
Use academic jargon to answer the following question: “How long can you freeze raw chicken?”
One thing that many people may not know is that you can store meat in a freezer indefinitely, as long as it’s properly frozen. When storing frozen food for a long duration, you should pack it tightly and wrap well with plastic.
Can you freeze chicken in the package?
No, it is not advisable to freeze chicken in the package. If you do choose to freeze the chicken in the package, make sure that it is fully thawed before it is cooked and eaten. This way the “natural juices” will not leak out and create a soggy mess. To avoid any mishaps, we recommend transferring the uncooked or partially cooked meat into an airtight plastic container or zip lock bag and freezing for up to six months.
It is not recommended, but it can be done. Freezing chicken in the package can cause the texture to change and make it more mushy.
Is it bad to freeze chicken?
It is not bad to freeze chicken. Freezing at home can extend the shelf life of fresh meat, and allow consumers to save money by stocking up on meat when it’s on sale. Frozen chicken can be thawed and fried like it was freshly cooked, and is still safe to eat after being frozen for several months. Chicken that has been frozen for a long time may taste different than fresh chicken, but it will still be safe to consume.
Freezing chicken is not necessarily bad. Freezing the meat kills most bacteria and so it can be stored for long periods without spoiling. Freezing does not actually change the taste, but it will make the texture of the meat tougher than fresh meat.
Is it better to freeze raw or cooked chicken?
There are many factors to take into consideration when deciding whether or not to freeze raw or cooked chicken. For example, frozen chicken that has been cooked will have a lower bacterial count, therefore spoiling the food less quickly, therefore it is better to cook and freeze chicken. Cooking also breaks down proteins in the meat and breaks down the fibers of the meat which makes it easier for water molecules to reach the center of the meat.
The question is asking about the best way to store raw or cooked chicken. It’s better to freeze raw chicken than it is to freeze cooked chicken. When freezing raw, make sure that the meat is well wrapped and sealed. Be careful not to puncture the wrapping with knives or other utensils, as this can lead to freezer burn. Frozen raw meat should be used within 12 months of storing the meat in your freezer.
How do I prepare chicken breast for freezing?
Preparing chicken for freezing can be done by sealing it in a bag with a wet paper towel to keep the meat moist. The paper towel should be wrapped tightly around the chicken and sealed. Once sealed, it can either be stored at room temperature or frozen. When freezing, the larger pieces of chicken should be cut into smaller pieces, then put into a freezer bag and sealed before being fully frozen.
Freezing is an excellent way to make more use of your fresh meat, while also saving money. Preparing freezer-safe dishes is a great way to ensure you are freezing the food in the best possible condition. For chicken breast, preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit, season it with salt and pepper, and cook for 20 minutes before allowing it to cool down.
How do you freeze raw chicken?
The key to freezing raw chicken is the following: First, you must wrap it in a plastic bag that has been labeled with the date and contents of the food. The chicken should be placed in the freezer before it reaches 40 degrees Fahrenheit. If you try to freeze poultry at a higher temperature, it will simply harden and stick together and could become wasted or spoiled. The temperature within the freezer must be at least 0 degrees Fahrenheit.
Place the uncooked chicken in a container and place it in the freezer for 3 hours. Once they are fully frozen, remove them from the container and place individual pieces on a plate or into a tupperware. Cover with plastic wrap or aluminum foil that has been sealed shut. Place them back in the freezer for up to 3 months.
Should I wash chicken before freezing?
Freezing chicken is a great way to ensure that the meat will stay fresh for longer. To do so, it is important to wash the chicken before freezing. Freezing does not kill bacteria, but it does prevent bacteria from growing through the food again. Chicken with too many bacteria will be unsafe when eaten and can cause illness when consumed.
If you want to freeze raw chicken, it is essential that you wash the raw chicken before placing it in the freezer.
It is highly recommended to wash and rinse the chicken in question before freezing. This process will remove any surface bacteria that has accumulated after slaughtering. The water should be cold or near-cold to prevent the growth of microorganisms. When thawing the chicken, it is best to keep it in a refrigerator until at least four hours before cooking it to prevent cross contamination with harmful bacteria that may have grown during storage.
Can you freeze chicken in Ziploc bags?
This is a question that many people have asked themselves. It’s an answer that is not very clear and can depend on the person asking it. There are some who say you can freeze chicken in Ziploc bags, but others say it is best not to. The reason for this is because when the chicken gets defrosted, there could be bacteria present on the surface of the meat which could create a food safety hazard.
Boiled, roasted, or baked chicken can be preserved by freezing it in Ziploc bags. This is not an optimal method of preservation because the chicken will still require refrigeration to maintain its freshness.
Is raw chicken OK in the fridge for 5 days?
Refrigerated raw chicken with a temperature of less than 40 ̊F is generally safe to eat for up to five days. The amount of time varies depending on the type of chicken and how it was prepared. When in doubt, throw it out!
A lot of people believe that raw chicken is safe for 5 days in the fridge, but it’s not true. The USDA recommends 2-3 days. If you buy fresh chicken, you should cook it within 2-3 days. If you buy frozen chicken, then the USDA doesn’t recommend more than 1 day in the fridge.
How do you freeze and defrost chicken?
The method for freezing and defrosting chicken is dependent on the type of chicken. Frozen raw chicken can be cooked in a variety of ways—either by microwaving it, baking it, or pan frying it. If the chicken is already frozen before being cooked, then it will take longer to cook than fresh chicken.
In order to freeze and defrost chicken, you need to first place it in a single layer on a baking sheet. Place the baking sheet into the freezer until the chicken is fully frozen. Remove from oven and place in a zip-lock bag or container before returning to the freezer. Defrosting frozen chicken is easy as long as you allow ample time. Place the frozen chicken in a bowl of cold water and change the water every 30 minutes until it’s no longer frozen.
Is raw chicken good in the fridge for 3 days?
The phrase “raw chicken good in the fridge for 3 days” is a common question on Internet forums, and people typically want to know if it’s safe to eat cooked chicken that’s been refrigerated for three days. This question would be better phrased as “Is it safe to defrost and eat cooked chicken that has been refrigerated for three days?” The answer is that it depends on how it was handled before being placed in the refrigerator.
The answer to this question is not quite so simple. The USDA recommends that raw chicken can be in the fridge for 3 days before it should be thrown out. It also warns that after being frozen, raw chicken can last about 9 months in the freezer. This is because when the temperature in the freezer is below -4 degrees Fahrenheit, bacteria cannot grow.
Can you thaw chicken and put it back in the fridge?
Yes, but should not do this as often as it may result in a decrease in quality. If you need to keep the food for a day or two, thaw the frozen chicken and refreeze it after using it.
The answer to your question is yes. The prospect of thawing and refreezing meat has been extensively studied and, when done properly, it does not pose much risk to the consumer. However, the general consensus in the scientific community is that it should not be done more than twice in a row.
Can you freeze sliced chicken?
In order for a food to freeze successfully, it must be done in the freezer right away after being removed from the refrigerator. The freezer is more like a cold storage room than like a refrigerator. Food freezes because ice crystals form inside cells, damaging them and ultimately killing them.
Traditional wisdom states that it’s not a good idea to freeze raw poultry because bacteria will multiply and the food will spoil. However, if the chicken is frozen as soon as possible after cooking, it can be stored for up to 3 months.
Can you freeze boiled chicken breast?
Boiled chicken breast can be frozen, but it should be cooked to at least 165 degrees F before being stored. When the freezing process begins, the water in the boiled chicken will turn into ice crystals and expand, which will cause it to burst or crack. The outer layer may become uneven. Boiled chicken breast cannot be frozen if it does not have a bone in it, because the bone will keep from from freezing evenly and may burst or crack during this process as well.
Yes, as long as the chicken is cooled first. When boiling chicken, be sure to cook it thoroughly, and let it cool before putting it in the freezer. If your boiled chicken is not completely cooked all the way through, or needs more time in the oven, put it in an airtight container, label with date and time of cooking, and store in the refrigerator. Be cautious when handling hot food!
How do you freeze chicken without it sticking together?
When storing frozen chicken, it is important to try to leave at least an inch of space between pieces. The smaller the pieces are, the more likely they are to stick together. To avoid this sticking issue, it is best to freeze chicken in large chunks or strips, and then store it on a baking sheet so that you can easily remove one piece at a time.
To prevent chicken from sticking together it is best to use a freezer bag and remove as much air as possible. The bag can be placed on a flat surface such as a table, and the temperature on the floor should be at 0oC. This ensures that the chicken will freeze quickly and uniformly.
How do you store chicken in the freezer without plastic?
If you want to properly store your chicken in the freezer, you must use a vacuum sealer and plastic bags. You can purchase them at most grocery stores or on Amazon. Once you have the equipment it’s super easy to do: first, take your chicken and remove any excess fat so that it is uniform in size and shape. Next, place it into the bag and suck out as much air as possible using the vacuum sealer. Last, freeze!
Packaging chicken in the freezer without plastic is possible when it’s cooled solid. The key is to find a suitable container to store it in, such as a resealable freezer bag or an airtight container. If reselling the frozen chicken, make sure to label and date it before freezing it.
Is it safe to eat cooked chicken after 7 days?
It is safe to eat cooked chicken after seven days because of the high temperature of the cooking process which kills most harmful bacteria.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration states that cooked chicken is still safe to eat after 7 days, but it may not taste as good or be as edible. The time frame of 7 days is important for food poisoning bacteria to grow and produce toxins that can cause illness.
How long can frozen chicken stay in the fridge?
A frozen chicken can stay in the fridge for up to two months. Once thawed, the chicken should be used within four days.
A frozen chicken should be used within 3 months of the date it was put in the freezer. The three-month timeline is based on the possible degradation of nutrients in the frozen chicken.
Do you need to wash meat from supermarket?
The freezing process significantly reduces the risk of bacterial contamination. If meat is not frozen, it can easily become contaminated during transport or when exposed to raw materials or personnel in the butcher shop. This risk is eliminated by properly freezing meat before any contact with other food products.
If you are buying fresh meat from the supermarket, it does not need to be washed because it was most likely frozen while being transported. Fresh meat must be kept refrigerated until cooked.
I am not sure if you need to wash meat from supermarket or not. It is a good idea to wash the meat before eating, because it might have bacteria on it. Meat can also get contaminated with germs while processing in factories.
Why do people wash chicken?
How often do people wash chicken? What is the purpose of washing chicken? These are two questions that many people ask themselves. Some people may say that they don’t wash chicken because they feel like it is unhealthy to put anything else on the meat, while others might say that they would never touch raw chicken with their bare hands, so why should they wash it? The answer lies in how you get your hands dirty.
The reason for washing chicken is to remove bacteria and other microscopic organisms that may accumulate on the outside of raw poultry. Washing raw poultry can remove about 50% of fecal-borne bacteria in comparison to just 20% removal when using only paper towels. To be safe, wash your hands with soap and water after handling any raw poultry so you don’t transfer the germs to your mouth.
Should you wash chicken with vinegar?
The question should you wash chicken with vinegar? can be answered by the following. Vinegar’s acidity will break down fat from chicken and help make it crispier, because vinegar has a low pH, which makes the surface less sticky. In addition to this function, the acidic environment may also kill bacteria on chicken’s surface.
The use of vinegar to wash chicken is controversial. While it does seem to reduce the number of bacteria on the chicken, there are also negative side effects that come with this method. The high acidity of vinegar can lower the effectiveness of any soap or detergent that is used in cleaning, and may even cause corrosion on metal parts.
How do you freeze chicken breast without plastic?
The question seems to imply that the writer must be freezing raw chicken breasts. I would recommend putting the raw breasts in a freezer bag, removing as much air as possible, then freezing them or using vacuum sealer bags. If you are freezing cooked chicken breast, I would use freezer containers with plastic lids.
Before freezing, the chicken breast should be cut into small, individually frozen portions. The individual pieces can then be put in a freezer bag and sealed before being placed in the freezer. This will prevent the chicken from touching other foods that might have an odor or taste that will come through to the meat, spoiling it.
How do you freeze shredded chicken?
The best way to freeze shredded chicken is in a ziploc bag. Place the chicken in the bag and flatten it out so each piece is in contact with the other pieces and there is no air space. Place in the freezer for 1-2 hours, then remove from the freezer and place in a bowl or on a large baking sheet to freeze completely. Place in a ziploc bag and twist the end tightly to seal.
You can freeze shredded chicken at its raw form, or you can cook and shred the chicken first. If cooking and shredding, place in a freezer bag and press out all of the air before sealing. This will prevent freezer burn. If freezing raw, divide into small portions on parchment paper for quick thaw time on a plate or in hot water. It is best to use within 3 months.
Can I freeze chicken in a Tupperware?
This question is about whether or not you can freeze chicken in a Tupperware. The answer to the original question is yes, but it will decrease its shelf life due to an increased chance of bacterial growth. The core temperature of the Tupperware should be below -18°C (-0.4°F) for more than 24 hours in order to kill any pathogens before storage for later use.
Freezers were invented to make food last longer and some people use it to freeze raw chicken in Tupperware containers. They do this by putting the Tupperware container of raw chicken on the bottom shelf, and then stacking it with other Tupperware containers filled with other frozen foods. This way, it takes up less space in the freezer because there are not any air pockets.
Can I cook chicken after 3 days in fridge?
There are many things to consider before one would want to cook chicken after 3 days in the fridge. The first concern is salmonella, which is a foodborne disease that can be contracted by handling raw meat or poultry. It is always important to cook the chicken thoroughly to kill any potential pathogens. Some people may choose not to do this because of time constraints.
Many Americans are accustomed to cooking chicken after 3 days in the refrigerator. This is because the bacteria that causes food poisoning does not survive in cold temperatures, and cooking will kill any bacteria that might be present. However, this is not true for everyone. If you have a weakened immune system or are pregnant, it is recommended that you cook your chicken before consuming it after 3 days. The USDA recommends cooking meat within 1-2 hours of putting it in the refrigerator to maintain food safety.
How do you know if chicken is gone bad?
If you are not sure if an item is past the expiry date, it is best to err on the side of caution. Bacteria can grow fast, so if you are unsure about whether or not something has gone bad, its best to discard it. If you are still hungry after eating food that has gone bad, have some crackers or cheese cubes to help with hunger pangs.
The last way to know if chicken is bad is by the color. The milkiness of the meat and the greenish hue has spoiled it, and it no longer smells fresh or appetizing. If any of these points match your chicken, it’s time to toss the bird.
Why is my chicken slimy after cooking?
Factors that may have caused your chicken to become slimey include over cooking, use of a pan with a low oil content, or overdrying of the chicken. In contrast, undercooked chicken is also slimy.
The high fat content in chicken causes it to be slimy when cooked. The juice is not able to maintain the juices within the flesh of the chicken because it is contained by a layer of fat which remains on top of the meat. The top layer of fat melts while cooking and therefore this fatty fluid surrounds the interior juices, making them less discernible to taste even if you sprinkle salt on it.
Why is it bad to thaw and refreeze meat?
It is bad to thaw and refreeze meat because the quality of the meat decreases with each time it is frozen. When cooking, the food particles are turned into liquid by heat, so if these liquid particles are frozen twice they will be smaller after being frozen for the second time. The more food particles there are, the less flavor there is and will also make the food look grainy and gross.
It is bad to thaw and refreeze meat because it can lead to an increased risk of food poisoning, as well as the meat being spoiled. This process allows for microbes to multiply, which leads to bacteria being present in greater proportions. It also leads to a loss of vital nutrients in the meat during the freezing process.
How long should you defrost chicken breast?
There is no set time limit as to how long you should defrost chicken breast, as there are a number of factors that will affect the rate at which it thaws out. For example, the type of freezer you use may cause your food to take longer to defrost. The size of your chicken breast also plays an important role in how long it takes for it to thaw because larger pieces will require more time than smaller ones.
It is recommended that chicken be allowed to defrost in the refrigerator for about 24 hours.
Is it OK to defrost chicken on the counter?
The method of defrosting meat is to use the lowest possible temperature so it will not be cooked. This means that cooking should not be allowed or prevented by raising or lowering the temperature. The key is to maintain a constant, low temperature. Defrosting on the countertop is unsafe because there are many other items in close proximity to the meat that would raise its temperature. Countertops are often too warm for safe defrosting.
This is a very good question. I would not recommend defrosting chicken on the counter. Especially if you have a large cut of meat, it may be difficult to keep it from drying out or browning too quickly due to the air circulating on the counter top. It might be better to defrost on a plate, preferably covered with some sort of lid, in your refrigerator instead as this will slow down the rate at which the meat’s temperature rises as well as retain moisture.
Does cooking chicken extend use by date?
One’s use-by-date is determined by the date that was placed on the food item at its time of packaging and production. In order to extend this date, cooking or re-heating should be done as soon as possible after purchase. However, there are some dangers to this, as shown in one study where reheating poultry products can increase the risk of certain food poisoning bacteria.
The use-by date of chicken is not extended by cooking. This is because the use-by date reflects food safety and nothing more. Chicken needs to be cooked properly to kill off any bacteria present in the meat, but this does not affect the shelf life of the product.
Can I leave chicken uncovered in the fridge?
The University has established that it is not appropriate to leave chicken uncovered in the refrigerator. For example, when the chicken is left uncovered, there is a risk of contamination. Contamination can happen through cross-contamination or perching which may lead to an increased incidence of food borne illnesses. With this being said, it cannot be concluded that the University strictly opposes leaving chicken uncovered in the fridge.
It is not recommended to leave chicken meat uncovered in the fridge as this can lead to its release of moisture and it can produce unwanted tastes and odors. It is also not recommended to freeze raw chicken as it will release fluids because of the low temperature.
Can I cook meat that’s been in the fridge for a week?
Cooking food is a process by which humans can kill micro-organisms that typically contaminate the surface of the food, thus providing a safe and palatable meal. In order to cook meat that has been in the fridge for a week, you would need to ensure the meat is sufficiently heated on all surfaces. This will ensure that there are no pathogens on the inside of the meat that might not have been killed during refrigerating.
Yes, if the meat has been stored in a refrigerator, you can cook it without worrying about food safety. It would be safest to cook the meat thoroughly.
How can I defrost chicken quickly?
The quickest way to defrost chicken is to microwave it for 10 to 20 minutes until the frozen chicken is warm. Thawing at room temperature can take as long as 24 hours, while thawing in cold water takes 6-8 hours.
One way to defrost chicken quickly is to place it in a bowl and cover it with cold water. Make sure the water doesn’t touch the chicken because if the water gets inside the chicken, it will spoil. Change the water every five minutes and use a thermometer to monitor temperature until it’s defrosted. Source: https://www.wikihow.
Can you freeze cold cut meats?
Frozen cold cut meats can be made by purchasing meat, slicing it into thin sheets, applying a marinade or stuffing with desired ingredients, and freezing it. This method is often used to mass-produce lunchmeat for sandwiches. Meat producers create three types of cold cuts: ham, turkey, and chicken. The type of meat determines the flavor of the sandwich that is being made.
The “cold cut meats” (not an official food classification) like salami, bologna, and ham, should not be frozen for prolonged periods of time due to the fact that they do not freeze well because there is a higher percentage of fat in the meat. The meat will also go bad and not be safe for consumption.
Can you freeze milk?
Milk is a liquid that can be frozen for later use. There are two types of milk: cow and soy. Cow milk has 3.5-4% fat, while soy milk has 0-0.5%. There are certain rules to follow when freezing milk to keep it safe for consumption.
Milk can be frozen in an airtight container for up to 6 months, but it’s more efficient to get the milk fresh. There are many types of milk available to buy, depending on your needs. You can buy whole or skimmed, higher fat or lower fat, and even lactose-free milk. It is also important to note that not all milks are created equal. Some may be fortified with vitamins A and D, while some contain only calcium.
Can you freeze deli meats?
Yes, it is possible to freeze deli meats. Proper packaging of the deli meat will be necessary to maintain freshness for an extended period of time. It is important to keep the temperature below 0 degrees Fahrenheit, so the meat should be placed in a freezer or deep freezer. The packaging should also protect the delicate structure of the meat from dry ice leakage, which would lead to freezer burn and other problems.
I’m not sure about this, but as a diligent eater of deli meats I would say that you must freeze all meat to ensure its safety. With the exception of processed lunch meats, which are typically sold pre-packaged and ready to eat, it is often a good idea to freeze meats before eating them.
Is 2 year old frozen chicken still good?
There are many factors to consider when determining whether or not an item is past its expiration date, but if the item contains meat, it typically needs to be frozen at 0 degrees Fahrenheit or below. This temperature will keep bacteria from growing that can lead to foodborne illness. If the chicken was frozen for more than two years, then it is definitely past its expiration date and should no longer be eaten.
No, it is not. The chicken is still good for the time being, but it will only stay that way for a few more months. Chicken can freeze in three different ways. Air-chilled is the best freezing procedure, with clean water iced being second, and salt brine being third. We are assuming the chicken was iced so the chicken will be spoiling within a year or so.
Can I reheat frozen cooked chicken?
You can reheat frozen cooked chicken. The USDA recommends cooking raw poultry to a safe internal temperature of 165°F as measured by a food thermometer. To avoid cross-contamination, keep cooked foods and raw food separate. Place the frozen cooked chicken in the oven at 350°F for 10 minutes or until heated thoroughly.
There are many incorrect ways to reheat chicken. One example of an incorrect way is to reheat it in the microwave. There are many health risks associated with microwaving food. It can have carcinogens, toxins, and disease-causing bacteria that can be released into the food during microwaving. Cooking frozen cooked chicken in the oven or stove top is also not recommended for two reasons.
How do you freeze meat without freezer burn?
The easiest way to prevent freezer burn on a piece of meat is by first sealing it in a moisture-proof bag. A vacuum sealer will help the process, but a zippered bag or cling film may also suffice. The next step is to lay the sealed bag on a tray and place the tray in the freezer, where it can be stored safely for as long as necessary.
The most common way to avoid freezer burn is to wrap the meat in airtight packaging or plastic wrap that will form an air-tight seal. Meat should be wrapped tightly to ensure that dehydration doesn’t occur which can cause freezer burn.